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SSC Steno Date: 12_11_2021 Shift: S1


Q.1There is an underlined segment in the given sentence. Select the most appropriate option to substitute the segment. If there is no need to substitute it, select 'No substitution required'.

In spite of her long absence from college, she expects to do better in the exams than her friends.
1. she has expected to do
2. but she expects to do
3. No substitution required
4. but still she expects to do
Q.2Select the most appropriate synonym of the given word.

COMMENCE
1. cease
2. finish
3. initiate
4. conclude
Q.3Select the most appropriate ANTONYM of the given word.

DISCARD
1. eliminate
2. scrap
3. ditch
4. accept
Q.4Select the most appropriate option to substitute the underlined segment in the given sentence. If no substitution is required, select ‘No substitution’.

The markets will be slow to recovers from the current recession.
1. to recovered
2. to recover
3. to recovering
4. No substitution
Q.5Select the most appropriate option to fill in the blank.

The police will let ______ go after seeing their passes.
1. we
2. them
3. he
4. they
Q.6The following sentence has been split into four segments. Identify the segment that contains a grammatical error.


I have the courage / to say what’s right; / I’m not afraid / from the consequences.
1. to say what’s right
2. I have the courage
3. I’m not afraid
4. from the consequences
Q.7Select the correct active form of the given sentence.

A car full of explosives was apprehended today by the forces.
1. The forces are apprehending a car full of explosives today.
2. The forces apprehended a car full of explosives today.
3. A car full of explosives has apprehended the forces today.
4. The forces have apprehended a car full of explosives today.
Q.8In the sentence identify the segment that contains a grammatical error.

From my experience in mountain climbing I have learn that physical fitness is very important.
1. is very important
2. that physical fitness
3. I have learn
4. from my experience
Q.9Select the most appropriate option to substitute the underlined segment in the given sentence. If there is no need to substitute it, select ‘No substitution’.

I asked my brother for the key to the garage.
1. key of garage.
2. No substitution
3. key into the garage.
4. key in the garage.
Q.10Select the correct active voice of the given sentence.

A standing ovation was received by the storytellers who participated in the International Festival.
1. The storytellers who participated in the International Festival will be receiving a standing ovation.
2. The storytellers who participated in the International Festival received a standing ovation.
3. The storytellers who participated in the International Festival had been receiving a standing ovation.
4. In the International Festival the participating storytellers were receiving a standing ovation.
Q.11The following sentence has been split into four segments. Identify the segment that contains a grammatical error.

She has given / me a book / last week / which I returned.
1. which I returned
2. last week
3. me a book
4. She has given
Q.12Select the most appropriate synonym of the given word.

FORTHRIGHT
1. outspoken
2. secret
3. tactful
4. tricky
Q.13Select the correct direct form of the given sentence.

I told Kavya that she was late for her class.
1. I said to Kavya, “She was late for her class.”
2. I said to Kavya, “You were late for your class.”
3. I said to Kavya, “You are late for your class.”
4. I said to Kavya, “Why are you late for your class?”
Q.14Select the most appropriate synonym of the given word.

CONSEQUENCE
1. inception
2. outcome
3. attraction
4. source
Q.15In the given sentence, identify the segment that contains a grammatical error.

Which member of your family you respect the most?
1. Which member
2. you respect
3. the most
4. of your family
Q.16Select the most appropriate ANTONYM of the given word.

REVIVE
1. damage
2. restore
3. continue
4. freshen
Q.17Select the most appropriate option to substitute the underlined segment in the given sentence. If no substitution is required, select ‘No substitution’.

The recent cyclone gave birth to many problems for the people of 24 Parganas in West Bengal.
1. No substitution
2. gives birth with
3. is given birth for
4. was give born to
Q.18Select the option that arranges the given sentences in the correct sequence The first sentence is in the correct position.

A. Most large companies these days employ trained psychologists.
B. Later, the psychologists also develop such models for lower level positions in the company.
C. To create these competency models, the psychologists ask senior managers to identify the capabilities that are typically needed for such roles.
D. Their job is to develop ‘competency models’ to aid the companies in identifying, training, and promoting likely managers who could take on leadership roles.
1. ADBC
2. ACBD
3. ADCB
4. ABDC
Q.19Select the most appropriate meaning of the given idiom.

Get your act together
1. take up a career in acting
2. organise your work in a better way
3. decide to put on an act of innocence
4. start taking action slowly
Q.20Select the most appropriate ANTONYM of the given word.

CONSERVE
1. preserve
2. destroy
3. maintain
4. support
Q.21Identify the segment in the sentence which contains a grammatical error.

Although many people complain about her frank opinions, they seem perfectly alright to myself.
1. Although many people
2. to myself
3. complain about
4. they seem
Q.22In the sentence identify the segment that contains a grammatical error.

Ritu was really annoyed as she had been waiting for me at the metro station for five o’clock.
1. had been waiting
2. for five o’clock
3. at the metro station
4. was really annoyed
Q.23Select the most appropriate option to substitute the underlined segment in the given sentence. If there is no need to substitute it, select ‘No substitution’.

If you had learned French, you had gone to France for studies.
1. would have gone
2. will go
3. would go
4. No substitution
Q.24Select the most appropriate ANTONYM of the given word.

ABSORB
1. emit
2. consume
3. imbibe
4. swallow
Q.25Select the correct active voice of the given sentence.

A brave fight was put up by the cancer patient and she finally won the battle.
1. The cancer patient put up a brave fight and she finally won the battle.
2. A brave fight had been put up by the cancer patient and she finally won the battle.
3. The cancer patient had put up a brave fight and she finally won the battle.
4. A brave fight was being put up by the cancer patient and she finally won the battle.
Q.26Select the most appropriate meaning of the given idiom.

Vanish into thin air
1. dilute
2. postpone
3. disappear
4. mix
Q.27Select the correct indirect form of the given sentence.

Sana said, “I am going to pick up the children now.”
1. Sana said that she was going to pick up the children now.
2. Sana said that she was going to pick up the children then.
3. Sana said that I am going to pick up the children then.
4. Sana said that I am going to pick up the children now.
Q.28Select the correct indirect narration of the given sentence.

“Would you like to join me in the Earth Day campaign I am planning?” I said to Reena.
1. I asked Reena would she like to join me in the Earth Day campaign I was planning.
2. I asked Reena if she would like to join me in the Earth Day campaign I was planning.
3. I am asking Reena if she is ready to join me in the Earth Day campaign I am planning.
4. I asked Reena if she will like to join me in the Earth Day campaign I was planning.
Q.29Select the option that expresses the given sentence in active voice.

When will the new laws be implemented by the government?
1. When would the government implement the new laws?
2. When has the government implemented the new laws?
3. When will the government implement the new laws?
4. When did the government implement the new laws?
Q.30Select the correct passive voice of the given sentence.

A good conclusion summarises the highlights of a speech.
1. The good conclusion is summarised by the highlights of the speech.
2. A speech highlight is summarised by a good conclusion.
3. A good conclusion of a speech is summarised by the highlights.
4. The highlights of a speech are summarised in a good conclusion.
Q.31Select the most appropriate option to substitute the underlined segment in the given sentence. If there is no need to substitute it, select ‘No substitution’.

These buildings will demolish by the end of this year.
1. will be demolished
2. No substitution
3. will be demolishing
4. will be demolish
Q.32Select the most appropriate ANTONYM of the given word.

SUPERFICIAL
1. trivial
2. shallow
3. genuine
4. praiseworthy
Q.33Select the most appropriate option to fill in the blanks.

I am ______ regular reader of ______ Times of India.
1. the; no word required
2. the; a
3. a; the
4. a; a
Q.34Select the option that expresses the given sentence in reported speech.

She said to them, “Stick out your hands over your brooms.”
1. She told them that they should stick out their hands over her brooms.
2. She asked them to stick out their hands over their brooms.
3. She told them they should stick out your hands over their brooms.
4. She asked them if they stuck their hands out over their brooms.
Q.35Select the most appropriate synonym of the given word.

LIBERTY
1. slavery
2. freedom
3. captivity
4. bondage
Q.36Identify the segment in the sentence which contains a grammatical error.

I didn’t bought the book as I had no money.
1. no money
2. the book
3. I didn’t bought
4. as I had
Q.37Select the correct passive voice of the given sentence.

How can you determine your audience’s needs?
1. How can your audience’s needs be determined?
2. How are the audience's needs determined by you?
3. How is your audience’s needs determined?
4. How could your audience’s needs determined?
Q.38Select the most appropriate option to improve the underlined segment in the given sentence. If there is no need to improve it, select ‘No improvement required’.

She caught him to steal money from her purse.
1. No improvement required
2. to be stealing
3. to stole
4. stealing
Q.39Select the correct direct narration of the given sentence.

You told me that you had made all the plans and my trip would be very smooth and that you had confirmed tickets for all my flights.
1. You said to me, “I’ve made all the plans and your trip would be very smooth. You have confirmed tickets for all your flights.”
2. You said to me, “I’ve made all the plans and your trip will be very smooth. I have confirmed tickets for all your flights.”
3. You said to him, “I’ve made all the plans and his trip will be very smooth. I had confirmed tickets for all the flights!”
4. You said to me, “You have made all the plans and your trip will be very smooth. You have confirmed tickets for all your flights.”
Q.40Select the correct passive voice of the given sentence.

I am reviewing a book by Ruskin Bond.
1. A book by Ruskin Bond is being reviewed by me.
2. A book by Ruskin Bond was to be reviewed by me.
3. A book by Ruskin Bond would be reviewed by me.
4. A book by Ruskin Bond has been reviewed by me.
Q.41Select the most appropriate meaning of the given idiom.

In high spirits
1. hopeful
2. mad
3. angry
4. joyful
Q.42Select the option that arranges the given sentences in the correct sequence The first sentence is in the correct position.

A. Mrs. Salmon who lived in 15, Northwood Street had been unable to sleep.
B. He had a hammer in his hand and had just come out of her house.
C. But when she went to the window she saw Adams standing on the steps of Mrs. Parker’s house.
D. She heard a door click shut and thought it was her own gate.
1. ADCB
2. ADBC
3. ACBD
4. ABCD
Q.43Fill in the blank with the most appropriate word.

The ______ bird collapsed due to the severe heat wave.
1. migrates
2. migratory
3. migration
4. migrate
Q.44Given here are four sentences. The first sentence is in correct order, while the rest of the sentences are jumbled. Pick the option that gives their correct order.

A. Tilly saw the sea slowly rise, and start to foam and bubble.
B. Her Geography teacher had shown her class the video.
C. She had explained that tsunamis can be caused by earthquakes, landslides and volcanoes.
D. She remembered that she had seen this in a video of a tsunami.
1. ABDC
2. ADBC
3. ACBD
4. ABCD
Q.45Select the most appropriate meaning of the given idiom.

Hang up your boots
1. be tired and go to sleep early
2. retire from playing a game
3. take good care of your shoes
4. keep away your shoes carefully
Q.46Fill in the blank with the most appropriate word.

The speaker impressed the audience with her ______ speech.
1. fluency
2. fluent
3. fluently
4. effluent
Q.47Given here are four sentences. The first sentence is in correct order, while the rest of the sentences are jumbled. Pick the option that gives their correct order.

A. I sat in a police car for the first time in my life.
B. I reached home and sat on the sofa.
C. I swiped my Metro-card and took the train to Chambers Street.
D. The inspector dropped me at the Clark Street subway stop.
1. ABCD
2. ADBC
3. ADCB
4. ACBD
Q.48Select the option that expresses the given sentence in passive voice.

The government will distribute additional land allotment certificates to the landless families.
1. The government will be distributed additional land allotment certificates to the landless families.
2. The landless families will distribute additional land allotment certificates to the government.
3. Additional land allotment certificates will be distributed to the landless families by the government.
4. The government will be distributing additional land allotment certificates to the landless families.
Q.49Select the option that expresses the given sentence in passive voice.

Robots are performing delicate surgeries.
1. Delicate surgeries were being performed by robots.
2. Delicate surgeries are being performed by robots.
3. Delicate surgeries are performed by robots.
4. Delicate surgeries have been performed by robots.
Q.50Select the most appropriate synonym of the given word.

HAMPER
1. punish
2. absolve
3. restrict
4. adhere
Q.51Select the correct direct narration of the given sentence.

The manager told him that she would ask him to leave the meeting if he continued to make negative remarks.
1. The manager asked him, “Will you leave the meeting if you continue to make negative remarks?”
2. The manager said to him, “I will ask you to leave the meeting if you continue to make negative remarks.”
3. The manager told him, “You will ask me to leave the meeting if you continue to make negative remarks.”
4. The manager told him, “I will leave the meeting if you continue to make negative remarks.”
Q.52Select the correct direct form of the given sentence.

Prachi proposed that they should meet their friends at a restaurant.
1. Prachi said, “Let us meet their friends at a restaurant.”
2. Prachi said, “They should meet their friends at a restaurant.”
3. Prachi said, “Let them meet their friends at a restaurant.”
4. Prachi said, “We could meet their friends at a restaurant.”
Q.53Given here are four sentences. The first sentence is in correct order, while the rest of the sentences are jumbled. Pick the option that gives their correct order.

A. Puller sat back and closed his eyes.
B. In his mind’s eye he took a trip through Fort Leavenworth, a place he had often been to in his career.
C. He opened his eyes.
D. His photographic memory clicking away, Puller kept up his mental scroll until he came to the answer.
1. ABDC
2. ADBC
3. ACBD
4. ABCD
Q.54Select the option that expresses the given sentence in reported speech.

The teacher said to Anjali, “Complete your project work by tomorrow.”
1. The teacher told Anjali to complete your project work by tomorrow.
2. The teacher asked Anjali to complete her project work by tomorrow.
3. The teacher told Anjali to complete her project work by the following day.
4. The teacher told Anjali that complete your project work by the next day.
Q.55Select the most appropriate option to substitute the underlined segment in the given sentence. If no substitution is required, select ‘No substitution’.

There are adventures to be found in history and art, not much so in bird-watching or skiing.
1. in addition to
2. as well as
3. despite
4. No substitution
Q.56Select the most appropriate meaning of the given idiom.

Throw caution to the wind
1. behave in a reckless manner
2. act in a thoughtful manner
3. not go out when it is windy
4. enjoy a good outing
Q.57Select the most appropriate option to substitute the underlined segment in the given sentence. If no substitution is required, select ‘No substitution required’.

The examination was more simpler than I expected it to be.
1. very simple
2. most simple
3. much simpler
4. No substitution required
Q.58Select the correct active form of the given sentence.

The environment has been ruthlessly destroyed in this area by the growth of industry.
1. The environment in this area has ruthlessly destroyed the growth of industry.
2. The growth of industry will ruthlessly destroy the environment in this area.
3. The growth of industry is ruthlessly destroying the environment in this area.
4. The growth of industry has ruthlessly destroyed the environment in this area.
Q.59Select the most appropriate option to substitute the underlined segment in the given sentence. If there is no need to substitute it, select ‘No substitution’.

Sarnath is the place when Buddha preached his first sermon.
1. No substitution
2. that
3. where
4. what
Q.60In the given sentence, identify the segment that contains a grammatical error.

A historian is one who study the meaning of documents written in the past.
1. in the past
2. A historian is one
3. who study the meaning
4. of documents written
Q.61Select the correct indirect narration of the given sentence.

The lecturer said to the class, “You should start preparing for the examination.”
1. The lecturer advised the class to start preparing for the examination.
2. The lecturer had advised the class to started preparing for the examination.
3. The lecturer advised the class you have to start preparing for your examination.
4. The lecturer advises the class to start preparing for the examination.
Q.62Identify the segment in the sentence which contains a grammatical error.

One must not boast about their success.
1. not boast
2. their success
3. about
4. One must
Q.63Select the most appropriate option to fill in the blank.

I was delighted ______ the news of your admission in IIM, Ahmedabad.
1. heard
2. hearing
3. hear
4. to hear
Q.64Select the correct direct form of the given sentence.

Vinod asked the salesman if he could show him a good quality gold watch.
1. Vinod said to the salesman, “Could he show me a good quality gold watch?”
2. Vinod said to the salesman, “If you can show me a good quality gold watch?”
3. Vinod said to the salesman, “Can you show him a good quality gold watch?”
4. Vinod said to the salesman, “Can you show me a good quality gold watch?”
Q.65The following sentence has been split into four segments. Identify the segment that contains a grammatical error.


My cousin, Jawahar, / visited me at home / and asked me / what I am reading.
1. and asked me
2. visited me at home
3. what I am reading
4. My cousin, Jawahar
..
In the following passage some words have been deleted. Fill in the blanks with the help of the alternatives given. Select the most appropriate option for each blank.

Swarms of the desert locust, which invaded India via Pakistan in April, have made (1)______ way to at least five states, (2)______ a trail of destruction in their (3)______. Desert locusts move in large groups, (4)______ swarms, and can eat crops up (5)______ their own weight every day. When millions of (6)______ descend on a crop, they destroy (7)______. The desert locust is considered the (8)______ destructive migratory pest in the world (9)______ a single swarm covering one square kilometre can (10)______ up to 80 million locusts. As per eyewitnesses, the swarm which entered India from Pakistan was about two to three kilometres long.
Q.66Select the most appropriate option for blank number 1.
1. our
2. its
3. them
4. their
..
In the following passage some words have been deleted. Fill in the blanks with the help of the alternatives given. Select the most appropriate option for each blank.

Swarms of the desert locust, which invaded India via Pakistan in April, have made (1)______ way to at least five states, (2)______ a trail of destruction in their (3)______. Desert locusts move in large groups, (4)______ swarms, and can eat crops up (5)______ their own weight every day. When millions of (6)______ descend on a crop, they destroy (7)______. The desert locust is considered the (8)______ destructive migratory pest in the world (9)______ a single swarm covering one square kilometre can (10)______ up to 80 million locusts. As per eyewitnesses, the swarm which entered India from Pakistan was about two to three kilometres long.
Q.67Select the most appropriate option for blank number 2.
1. leaving
2. leave
3. leaves
4. left
..
In the following passage some words have been deleted. Fill in the blanks with the help of the alternatives given. Select the most appropriate option for each blank.

Swarms of the desert locust, which invaded India via Pakistan in April, have made (1)______ way to at least five states, (2)______ a trail of destruction in their (3)______. Desert locusts move in large groups, (4)______ swarms, and can eat crops up (5)______ their own weight every day. When millions of (6)______ descend on a crop, they destroy (7)______. The desert locust is considered the (8)______ destructive migratory pest in the world (9)______ a single swarm covering one square kilometre can (10)______ up to 80 million locusts. As per eyewitnesses, the swarm which entered India from Pakistan was about two to three kilometres long.
Q.68Select the most appropriate option for blank number 3.
1. train
2. back
3. wave
4. wake
..
In the following passage some words have been deleted. Fill in the blanks with the help of the alternatives given. Select the most appropriate option for each blank.

Swarms of the desert locust, which invaded India via Pakistan in April, have made (1)______ way to at least five states, (2)______ a trail of destruction in their (3)______. Desert locusts move in large groups, (4)______ swarms, and can eat crops up (5)______ their own weight every day. When millions of (6)______ descend on a crop, they destroy (7)______. The desert locust is considered the (8)______ destructive migratory pest in the world (9)______ a single swarm covering one square kilometre can (10)______ up to 80 million locusts. As per eyewitnesses, the swarm which entered India from Pakistan was about two to three kilometres long.
Q.69Select the most appropriate option for blank number 4.
1. labelled
2. described
3. identified
4. called
..
In the following passage some words have been deleted. Fill in the blanks with the help of the alternatives given. Select the most appropriate option for each blank.

Swarms of the desert locust, which invaded India via Pakistan in April, have made (1)______ way to at least five states, (2)______ a trail of destruction in their (3)______. Desert locusts move in large groups, (4)______ swarms, and can eat crops up (5)______ their own weight every day. When millions of (6)______ descend on a crop, they destroy (7)______. The desert locust is considered the (8)______ destructive migratory pest in the world (9)______ a single swarm covering one square kilometre can (10)______ up to 80 million locusts. As per eyewitnesses, the swarm which entered India from Pakistan was about two to three kilometres long.
Q.70Select the most appropriate option for blank number 5.
1. to
2. in
3. till
4. by
..
In the following passage some words have been deleted. Fill in the blanks with the help of the alternatives given. Select the most appropriate option for each blank.

Swarms of the desert locust, which invaded India via Pakistan in April, have made (1)______ way to at least five states, (2)______ a trail of destruction in their (3)______. Desert locusts move in large groups, (4)______ swarms, and can eat crops up (5)______ their own weight every day. When millions of (6)______ descend on a crop, they destroy (7)______. The desert locust is considered the (8)______ destructive migratory pest in the world (9)______ a single swarm covering one square kilometre can (10)______ up to 80 million locusts. As per eyewitnesses, the swarm which entered India from Pakistan was about two to three kilometres long.
Q.71Select the most appropriate option for blank number 6.
1. birds
2. locusts
3. vermin
4. animals
..
In the following passage some words have been deleted. Fill in the blanks with the help of the alternatives given. Select the most appropriate option for each blank.

Swarms of the desert locust, which invaded India via Pakistan in April, have made (1)______ way to at least five states, (2)______ a trail of destruction in their (3)______. Desert locusts move in large groups, (4)______ swarms, and can eat crops up (5)______ their own weight every day. When millions of (6)______ descend on a crop, they destroy (7)______. The desert locust is considered the (8)______ destructive migratory pest in the world (9)______ a single swarm covering one square kilometre can (10)______ up to 80 million locusts. As per eyewitnesses, the swarm which entered India from Pakistan was about two to three kilometres long.
Q.72Select the most appropriate option for blank number 7.
1. whole
2. something
3. everyone
4. everything
..
In the following passage some words have been deleted. Fill in the blanks with the help of the alternatives given. Select the most appropriate option for each blank.

Swarms of the desert locust, which invaded India via Pakistan in April, have made (1)______ way to at least five states, (2)______ a trail of destruction in their (3)______. Desert locusts move in large groups, (4)______ swarms, and can eat crops up (5)______ their own weight every day. When millions of (6)______ descend on a crop, they destroy (7)______. The desert locust is considered the (8)______ destructive migratory pest in the world (9)______ a single swarm covering one square kilometre can (10)______ up to 80 million locusts. As per eyewitnesses, the swarm which entered India from Pakistan was about two to three kilometres long.
Q.73Select the most appropriate option for blank number 8.
1. more
2. much
3. as
4. most
..
In the following passage some words have been deleted. Fill in the blanks with the help of the alternatives given. Select the most appropriate option for each blank.

Swarms of the desert locust, which invaded India via Pakistan in April, have made (1)______ way to at least five states, (2)______ a trail of destruction in their (3)______. Desert locusts move in large groups, (4)______ swarms, and can eat crops up (5)______ their own weight every day. When millions of (6)______ descend on a crop, they destroy (7)______. The desert locust is considered the (8)______ destructive migratory pest in the world (9)______ a single swarm covering one square kilometre can (10)______ up to 80 million locusts. As per eyewitnesses, the swarm which entered India from Pakistan was about two to three kilometres long.
Q.74Select the most appropriate option for blank number 9.
1. though
2. despite
3. across
4. since
..
In the following passage some words have been deleted. Fill in the blanks with the help of the alternatives given. Select the most appropriate option for each blank.

Swarms of the desert locust, which invaded India via Pakistan in April, have made (1)______ way to at least five states, (2)______ a trail of destruction in their (3)______. Desert locusts move in large groups, (4)______ swarms, and can eat crops up (5)______ their own weight every day. When millions of (6)______ descend on a crop, they destroy (7)______. The desert locust is considered the (8)______ destructive migratory pest in the world (9)______ a single swarm covering one square kilometre can (10)______ up to 80 million locusts. As per eyewitnesses, the swarm which entered India from Pakistan was about two to three kilometres long.
Q.75Select the most appropriate option for blank number 10.
1. consist
2. contain
3. compose
4. complete
..
In the following passage some words have been deleted. Fill in the blanks with the help of the alternatives given. Select the most appropriate option for each blank.

The rain was coming down relentlessly. Even (1)______ a fast windscreen wiper, the road was (2)______ visible in the dark. Away from the noisy station we had just left, I (3)______ the empty roads. Indeed, who would be walking (4)______ at such a late hour in the pouring rain? Shekhar was (5)______ steady driver as a rule, but we (6)______ both worried by now and he was already driving (7)______ fast. The road conditions were (8)______ from good. It was a bad ride, but we barely noticed it as we were so (9)______. The only thing I was worried about was finding my daughter, a young, (10)______ girl alone on the streets at this hour.
Q.76Select the most appropriate option to fill in blank 1.
1. with
2. of
3. so
4. by
..
In the following passage some words have been deleted. Fill in the blanks with the help of the alternatives given. Select the most appropriate option for each blank.

The rain was coming down relentlessly. Even (1)______ a fast windscreen wiper, the road was (2)______ visible in the dark. Away from the noisy station we had just left, I (3)______ the empty roads. Indeed, who would be walking (4)______ at such a late hour in the pouring rain? Shekhar was (5)______ steady driver as a rule, but we (6)______ both worried by now and he was already driving (7)______ fast. The road conditions were (8)______ from good. It was a bad ride, but we barely noticed it as we were so (9)______. The only thing I was worried about was finding my daughter, a young, (10)______ girl alone on the streets at this hour.
Q.77Select the most appropriate option to fill in blank 2.
1. closely
2. finally
3. narrowly
4. hardly
..
In the following passage some words have been deleted. Fill in the blanks with the help of the alternatives given. Select the most appropriate option for each blank.

The rain was coming down relentlessly. Even (1)______ a fast windscreen wiper, the road was (2)______ visible in the dark. Away from the noisy station we had just left, I (3)______ the empty roads. Indeed, who would be walking (4)______ at such a late hour in the pouring rain? Shekhar was (5)______ steady driver as a rule, but we (6)______ both worried by now and he was already driving (7)______ fast. The road conditions were (8)______ from good. It was a bad ride, but we barely noticed it as we were so (9)______. The only thing I was worried about was finding my daughter, a young, (10)______ girl alone on the streets at this hour.
Q.78Select the most appropriate option to fill in blank 3.
1. noticing
2. notices
3. am noticing
4. noticed
..
In the following passage some words have been deleted. Fill in the blanks with the help of the alternatives given. Select the most appropriate option for each blank.

The rain was coming down relentlessly. Even (1)______ a fast windscreen wiper, the road was (2)______ visible in the dark. Away from the noisy station we had just left, I (3)______ the empty roads. Indeed, who would be walking (4)______ at such a late hour in the pouring rain? Shekhar was (5)______ steady driver as a rule, but we (6)______ both worried by now and he was already driving (7)______ fast. The road conditions were (8)______ from good. It was a bad ride, but we barely noticed it as we were so (9)______. The only thing I was worried about was finding my daughter, a young, (10)______ girl alone on the streets at this hour.
Q.79Select the most appropriate option to fill in blank 4.
1. of
2. about
3. in
4. within
..
In the following passage some words have been deleted. Fill in the blanks with the help of the alternatives given. Select the most appropriate option for each blank.

The rain was coming down relentlessly. Even (1)______ a fast windscreen wiper, the road was (2)______ visible in the dark. Away from the noisy station we had just left, I (3)______ the empty roads. Indeed, who would be walking (4)______ at such a late hour in the pouring rain? Shekhar was (5)______ steady driver as a rule, but we (6)______ both worried by now and he was already driving (7)______ fast. The road conditions were (8)______ from good. It was a bad ride, but we barely noticed it as we were so (9)______. The only thing I was worried about was finding my daughter, a young, (10)______ girl alone on the streets at this hour.
Q.80Select the most appropriate option to fill in blank 5.
1. little
2. a
3. some
4. the
..
In the following passage some words have been deleted. Fill in the blanks with the help of the alternatives given. Select the most appropriate option for each blank.

The rain was coming down relentlessly. Even (1)______ a fast windscreen wiper, the road was (2)______ visible in the dark. Away from the noisy station we had just left, I (3)______ the empty roads. Indeed, who would be walking (4)______ at such a late hour in the pouring rain? Shekhar was (5)______ steady driver as a rule, but we (6)______ both worried by now and he was already driving (7)______ fast. The road conditions were (8)______ from good. It was a bad ride, but we barely noticed it as we were so (9)______. The only thing I was worried about was finding my daughter, a young, (10)______ girl alone on the streets at this hour.
Q.81Select the most appropriate option to fill in blank 6.
1. were
2. are
3. have
4. was
..
In the following passage some words have been deleted. Fill in the blanks with the help of the alternatives given. Select the most appropriate option for each blank.

The rain was coming down relentlessly. Even (1)______ a fast windscreen wiper, the road was (2)______ visible in the dark. Away from the noisy station we had just left, I (3)______ the empty roads. Indeed, who would be walking (4)______ at such a late hour in the pouring rain? Shekhar was (5)______ steady driver as a rule, but we (6)______ both worried by now and he was already driving (7)______ fast. The road conditions were (8)______ from good. It was a bad ride, but we barely noticed it as we were so (9)______. The only thing I was worried about was finding my daughter, a young, (10)______ girl alone on the streets at this hour.
Q.82Select the most appropriate option to fill in blank 7.
1. nearly
2. extremely
3. clearly
4. suddenly
..
In the following passage some words have been deleted. Fill in the blanks with the help of the alternatives given. Select the most appropriate option for each blank.

The rain was coming down relentlessly. Even (1)______ a fast windscreen wiper, the road was (2)______ visible in the dark. Away from the noisy station we had just left, I (3)______ the empty roads. Indeed, who would be walking (4)______ at such a late hour in the pouring rain? Shekhar was (5)______ steady driver as a rule, but we (6)______ both worried by now and he was already driving (7)______ fast. The road conditions were (8)______ from good. It was a bad ride, but we barely noticed it as we were so (9)______. The only thing I was worried about was finding my daughter, a young, (10)______ girl alone on the streets at this hour.
Q.83Select the most appropriate option to fill in blank 8.
1. farthest
2. farther
3. further
4. far
..
In the following passage some words have been deleted. Fill in the blanks with the help of the alternatives given. Select the most appropriate option for each blank.

The rain was coming down relentlessly. Even (1)______ a fast windscreen wiper, the road was (2)______ visible in the dark. Away from the noisy station we had just left, I (3)______ the empty roads. Indeed, who would be walking (4)______ at such a late hour in the pouring rain? Shekhar was (5)______ steady driver as a rule, but we (6)______ both worried by now and he was already driving (7)______ fast. The road conditions were (8)______ from good. It was a bad ride, but we barely noticed it as we were so (9)______. The only thing I was worried about was finding my daughter, a young, (10)______ girl alone on the streets at this hour.
Q.84Select the most appropriate option to fill in blank 9.
1. tension
2. tense
3. tensioned
4. intense
..
In the following passage some words have been deleted. Fill in the blanks with the help of the alternatives given. Select the most appropriate option for each blank.

The rain was coming down relentlessly. Even (1)______ a fast windscreen wiper, the road was (2)______ visible in the dark. Away from the noisy station we had just left, I (3)______ the empty roads. Indeed, who would be walking (4)______ at such a late hour in the pouring rain? Shekhar was (5)______ steady driver as a rule, but we (6)______ both worried by now and he was already driving (7)______ fast. The road conditions were (8)______ from good. It was a bad ride, but we barely noticed it as we were so (9)______. The only thing I was worried about was finding my daughter, a young, (10)______ girl alone on the streets at this hour.
Q.85Select the most appropriate option to fill in blank 10.
1. unfamiliar
2. unsuitable
3. unsatisfactory
4. unaccompanied
..
Read the given passage and answer the questions that follow.

New York City is on ‘high alert’ after reporting 100 cases of a rare inflammatory disease apparently tied to COVID-19 in children.
The city recently began reporting rising cases of paediatric multi-system inflammatory syndrome, an illness that officials say is similar to toxic shock or Kawasaki disease, with symptoms including a fever and abdominal pain and which ‘appears to be linked to an immune response to COVID-19,’ The New York Times reports.
City Mayor Bill de Blasio, in a press briefing on Thursday said, "We are now on high alert in addressing the syndrome after the number of confirmed cases of paediatric multi-system inflammatory syndrome in the city has reached 100.” “Among those cases, 55 children have tested positive for COVID-19 or the antibodies”, de Blasio said, “and one child has died.” Two other children have also died from the illness in New York State, according to the Times. De Blasio had reported 82 cases of the syndrome in the city.
These developments continue to be ‘really troubling’ after it was previously thought that "children seemed to have very little effect from this disease," de Blasio said. He urged parents to call their doctor immediately if a child had a persistent fever, a rash, abdominal pain, vomiting, and especially a combination of these symptoms.
Q.86It can be said that children are suffering from the disease if they have the following symptoms:

a) Pain in the stomach
b) Fever that does not go
c) Toxic shock
d) Vomiting
e) Pain in the whole body
1. c, d and e
2. a, b and d
3. a, d and e
4. b, c and e
..
Read the given passage and answer the questions that follow.

New York City is on ‘high alert’ after reporting 100 cases of a rare inflammatory disease apparently tied to COVID-19 in children.
The city recently began reporting rising cases of paediatric multi-system inflammatory syndrome, an illness that officials say is similar to toxic shock or Kawasaki disease, with symptoms including a fever and abdominal pain and which ‘appears to be linked to an immune response to COVID-19,’ The New York Times reports.
City Mayor Bill de Blasio, in a press briefing on Thursday said, "We are now on high alert in addressing the syndrome after the number of confirmed cases of paediatric multi-system inflammatory syndrome in the city has reached 100.” “Among those cases, 55 children have tested positive for COVID-19 or the antibodies”, de Blasio said, “and one child has died.” Two other children have also died from the illness in New York State, according to the Times. De Blasio had reported 82 cases of the syndrome in the city.
These developments continue to be ‘really troubling’ after it was previously thought that "children seemed to have very little effect from this disease," de Blasio said. He urged parents to call their doctor immediately if a child had a persistent fever, a rash, abdominal pain, vomiting, and especially a combination of these symptoms.
Q.87It was previously thought that ‘children seemed to have very little effect from this disease’. ‘This disease’ refers to:
1. Covid-19
2. a multi-organ disease
3. Kawasaki disease
4. inflammation of organs
..
Read the given passage and answer the questions that follow.

New York City is on ‘high alert’ after reporting 100 cases of a rare inflammatory disease apparently tied to COVID-19 in children.
The city recently began reporting rising cases of paediatric multi-system inflammatory syndrome, an illness that officials say is similar to toxic shock or Kawasaki disease, with symptoms including a fever and abdominal pain and which ‘appears to be linked to an immune response to COVID-19,’ The New York Times reports.
City Mayor Bill de Blasio, in a press briefing on Thursday said, "We are now on high alert in addressing the syndrome after the number of confirmed cases of paediatric multi-system inflammatory syndrome in the city has reached 100.” “Among those cases, 55 children have tested positive for COVID-19 or the antibodies”, de Blasio said, “and one child has died.” Two other children have also died from the illness in New York State, according to the Times. De Blasio had reported 82 cases of the syndrome in the city.
These developments continue to be ‘really troubling’ after it was previously thought that "children seemed to have very little effect from this disease," de Blasio said. He urged parents to call their doctor immediately if a child had a persistent fever, a rash, abdominal pain, vomiting, and especially a combination of these symptoms.
Q.88The word ‘paediatric’ in the passage refers to:
1. medical care of adults
2. research in immunity
3. stomach diseases
4. medical care of children
..
Read the given passage and answer the questions that follow.

New York City is on ‘high alert’ after reporting 100 cases of a rare inflammatory disease apparently tied to COVID-19 in children.
The city recently began reporting rising cases of paediatric multi-system inflammatory syndrome, an illness that officials say is similar to toxic shock or Kawasaki disease, with symptoms including a fever and abdominal pain and which ‘appears to be linked to an immune response to COVID-19,’ The New York Times reports.
City Mayor Bill de Blasio, in a press briefing on Thursday said, "We are now on high alert in addressing the syndrome after the number of confirmed cases of paediatric multi-system inflammatory syndrome in the city has reached 100.” “Among those cases, 55 children have tested positive for COVID-19 or the antibodies”, de Blasio said, “and one child has died.” Two other children have also died from the illness in New York State, according to the Times. De Blasio had reported 82 cases of the syndrome in the city.
These developments continue to be ‘really troubling’ after it was previously thought that "children seemed to have very little effect from this disease," de Blasio said. He urged parents to call their doctor immediately if a child had a persistent fever, a rash, abdominal pain, vomiting, and especially a combination of these symptoms.
Q.89The new disease is said to be a ‘multi-system disorder’. This means:
1. it affects many body functions
2. it affects a large number of people
3. it requires many tests
4. there are many cases
..
Read the given passage and answer the questions that follow.

New York City is on ‘high alert’ after reporting 100 cases of a rare inflammatory disease apparently tied to COVID-19 in children.
The city recently began reporting rising cases of paediatric multi-system inflammatory syndrome, an illness that officials say is similar to toxic shock or Kawasaki disease, with symptoms including a fever and abdominal pain and which ‘appears to be linked to an immune response to COVID-19,’ The New York Times reports.
City Mayor Bill de Blasio, in a press briefing on Thursday said, "We are now on high alert in addressing the syndrome after the number of confirmed cases of paediatric multi-system inflammatory syndrome in the city has reached 100.” “Among those cases, 55 children have tested positive for COVID-19 or the antibodies”, de Blasio said, “and one child has died.” Two other children have also died from the illness in New York State, according to the Times. De Blasio had reported 82 cases of the syndrome in the city.
These developments continue to be ‘really troubling’ after it was previously thought that "children seemed to have very little effect from this disease," de Blasio said. He urged parents to call their doctor immediately if a child had a persistent fever, a rash, abdominal pain, vomiting, and especially a combination of these symptoms.
Q.90When the City Mayor says, "We are now on high alert in addressing the syndrome”, he means:
1. the administration understands it’s an urgent health issue
2. it’s sad for the people who are suffering
3. the city administration is concerned about war
4. people are consulting each other in panic
..
Read the given passage and answer the questions that follow.

Florence Nightingale came from a rich family and was very pretty. In her family, young girls usually spent their time going to parties until they married rich young men. But Florence found parties boring and she wanted to be a nurse. So, she went to study nursing in a hospital in Germany. Then she was in charge of a nursing home for women in London. Soon she was asked to go to Crimea to take charge of the wounded soldiers there. Finally, when she was 30, her parents accepted her decision.
Q.91What kind of family was Florence born in?
1. A middle class family
2. An ordinary family
3. A low income family
4. A wealthy family
..
Read the given passage and answer the questions that follow.

Florence Nightingale came from a rich family and was very pretty. In her family, young girls usually spent their time going to parties until they married rich young men. But Florence found parties boring and she wanted to be a nurse. So, she went to study nursing in a hospital in Germany. Then she was in charge of a nursing home for women in London. Soon she was asked to go to Crimea to take charge of the wounded soldiers there. Finally, when she was 30, her parents accepted her decision.
Q.92Why did Florence go to Crimea?
1. To attend parties and get married there
2. To study nursing there
3. To establish a nursing home for women there
4. To attend to soldiers wounded in the war there
..
Read the given passage and answer the questions that follow.

Florence Nightingale came from a rich family and was very pretty. In her family, young girls usually spent their time going to parties until they married rich young men. But Florence found parties boring and she wanted to be a nurse. So, she went to study nursing in a hospital in Germany. Then she was in charge of a nursing home for women in London. Soon she was asked to go to Crimea to take charge of the wounded soldiers there. Finally, when she was 30, her parents accepted her decision.
Q.93Where did Florence study nursing?
1. Germany
2. Not mentioned in the passage
3. London
4. Crimea
..
Read the given passage and answer the questions that follow.

Florence Nightingale came from a rich family and was very pretty. In her family, young girls usually spent their time going to parties until they married rich young men. But Florence found parties boring and she wanted to be a nurse. So, she went to study nursing in a hospital in Germany. Then she was in charge of a nursing home for women in London. Soon she was asked to go to Crimea to take charge of the wounded soldiers there. Finally, when she was 30, her parents accepted her decision.
Q.94What was Florence doing in London?
1. She was attending parties along with other young girls in her family.
2. She was studying in a big hospital.
3. She was heading and managing a nursing home for women.
4. She was building a nursing home for women.
..
Read the given passage and answer the questions that follow.

Florence Nightingale came from a rich family and was very pretty. In her family, young girls usually spent their time going to parties until they married rich young men. But Florence found parties boring and she wanted to be a nurse. So, she went to study nursing in a hospital in Germany. Then she was in charge of a nursing home for women in London. Soon she was asked to go to Crimea to take charge of the wounded soldiers there. Finally, when she was 30, her parents accepted her decision.
Q.95What was Florence’s main interest and ambition in life?
1. To become a nurse and serve people
2. To attend parties with rich, young men
3. To attend parties with other young women
4. To marry a rich, young man and settle down in life
..
Read the given passage and answer the questions that follow.

Blue Pottery is widely recognised as a traditional craft of Jaipur, though it is Turko-Persian in origin. The name 'blue pottery' comes from the eye-catching cobalt blue dye used to colour the pottery. It is relatively unusual as a type of luxury Indian pottery as most Indian types are functional and though often highly decorated, relatively low prestige wares.
Jaipur blue pottery, is glazed and low-fired. No clay is used: the 'dough' for the pottery is prepared by mixing quartz stone powder, powdered glass, fuller’s earth, borax, gum and water.
Some of this pottery is semi-transparent and mostly decorated with bird and animal motifs. Being fired at very low temperature makes them fragile. The range of items is primarily decorative, such as vases, coasters, small bowls, boxes for trinkets. The colour palette is restricted to blue derived from the cobalt oxide, green from the copper oxide and white, though other non-conventional colours, such as yellow and brown, are sometimes included.
The use of blue glaze on pottery is an imported technique, first developed by artisans who combined Chinese glazing technology with Persian decorative arts. This technique traveled east to India with early Turkic conquests in the 14th century. During its infancy, it was used to make tiles to decorate mosques, tombs and palaces in Central Asia. Later, following their conquests and arrival in India, the Mughals began using them in India. Gradually the blue glaze technique grew beyond an architectural accessory to Indian potters. From there, the technique traveled to the plains of Delhi and in the 17th century went to Jaipur.
Other accounts of the craft state that blue pottery came to Jaipur in the early 19th century under the ruler Sawai Ram Singh II. The Jaipur king had sent local artisans to Delhi to be trained in the craft. However, by the 1950s, blue pottery had all but vanished from Jaipur, when it was re-introduced through the efforts of the muralist and painter Kripal Singh Shekhawat, with the support of patrons such as Kamladevi Chattopadhaya and Rajmata Gayatri Devi.
Q.96Blue pottery is different from the usual Indian pottery because it is:

1. not functional or decorative
2. fragile and low priced
3. decorated with bird and animal motifs
4. a luxury, high prestige pottery
..
Read the given passage and answer the questions that follow.

Blue Pottery is widely recognised as a traditional craft of Jaipur, though it is Turko-Persian in origin. The name 'blue pottery' comes from the eye-catching cobalt blue dye used to colour the pottery. It is relatively unusual as a type of luxury Indian pottery as most Indian types are functional and though often highly decorated, relatively low prestige wares.
Jaipur blue pottery, is glazed and low-fired. No clay is used: the 'dough' for the pottery is prepared by mixing quartz stone powder, powdered glass, fuller’s earth, borax, gum and water.
Some of this pottery is semi-transparent and mostly decorated with bird and animal motifs. Being fired at very low temperature makes them fragile. The range of items is primarily decorative, such as vases, coasters, small bowls, boxes for trinkets. The colour palette is restricted to blue derived from the cobalt oxide, green from the copper oxide and white, though other non-conventional colours, such as yellow and brown, are sometimes included.
The use of blue glaze on pottery is an imported technique, first developed by artisans who combined Chinese glazing technology with Persian decorative arts. This technique traveled east to India with early Turkic conquests in the 14th century. During its infancy, it was used to make tiles to decorate mosques, tombs and palaces in Central Asia. Later, following their conquests and arrival in India, the Mughals began using them in India. Gradually the blue glaze technique grew beyond an architectural accessory to Indian potters. From there, the technique traveled to the plains of Delhi and in the 17th century went to Jaipur.
Other accounts of the craft state that blue pottery came to Jaipur in the early 19th century under the ruler Sawai Ram Singh II. The Jaipur king had sent local artisans to Delhi to be trained in the craft. However, by the 1950s, blue pottery had all but vanished from Jaipur, when it was re-introduced through the efforts of the muralist and painter Kripal Singh Shekhawat, with the support of patrons such as Kamladevi Chattopadhaya and Rajmata Gayatri Devi.
Q.97Which of the following is NOT used to make the Jaipur blue pottery?
1. Clay
2. Gum
3. Borax
4. Glass
..
Read the given passage and answer the questions that follow.

Blue Pottery is widely recognised as a traditional craft of Jaipur, though it is Turko-Persian in origin. The name 'blue pottery' comes from the eye-catching cobalt blue dye used to colour the pottery. It is relatively unusual as a type of luxury Indian pottery as most Indian types are functional and though often highly decorated, relatively low prestige wares.
Jaipur blue pottery, is glazed and low-fired. No clay is used: the 'dough' for the pottery is prepared by mixing quartz stone powder, powdered glass, fuller’s earth, borax, gum and water.
Some of this pottery is semi-transparent and mostly decorated with bird and animal motifs. Being fired at very low temperature makes them fragile. The range of items is primarily decorative, such as vases, coasters, small bowls, boxes for trinkets. The colour palette is restricted to blue derived from the cobalt oxide, green from the copper oxide and white, though other non-conventional colours, such as yellow and brown, are sometimes included.
The use of blue glaze on pottery is an imported technique, first developed by artisans who combined Chinese glazing technology with Persian decorative arts. This technique traveled east to India with early Turkic conquests in the 14th century. During its infancy, it was used to make tiles to decorate mosques, tombs and palaces in Central Asia. Later, following their conquests and arrival in India, the Mughals began using them in India. Gradually the blue glaze technique grew beyond an architectural accessory to Indian potters. From there, the technique traveled to the plains of Delhi and in the 17th century went to Jaipur.
Other accounts of the craft state that blue pottery came to Jaipur in the early 19th century under the ruler Sawai Ram Singh II. The Jaipur king had sent local artisans to Delhi to be trained in the craft. However, by the 1950s, blue pottery had all but vanished from Jaipur, when it was re-introduced through the efforts of the muralist and painter Kripal Singh Shekhawat, with the support of patrons such as Kamladevi Chattopadhaya and Rajmata Gayatri Devi.
Q.98Which of the following are conventional colours used in blue pottery?
1. Green and yellow
2. Brown and white
3. Blue and green
4. Yellow and brown
..
Read the given passage and answer the questions that follow.

Blue Pottery is widely recognised as a traditional craft of Jaipur, though it is Turko-Persian in origin. The name 'blue pottery' comes from the eye-catching cobalt blue dye used to colour the pottery. It is relatively unusual as a type of luxury Indian pottery as most Indian types are functional and though often highly decorated, relatively low prestige wares.
Jaipur blue pottery, is glazed and low-fired. No clay is used: the 'dough' for the pottery is prepared by mixing quartz stone powder, powdered glass, fuller’s earth, borax, gum and water.
Some of this pottery is semi-transparent and mostly decorated with bird and animal motifs. Being fired at very low temperature makes them fragile. The range of items is primarily decorative, such as vases, coasters, small bowls, boxes for trinkets. The colour palette is restricted to blue derived from the cobalt oxide, green from the copper oxide and white, though other non-conventional colours, such as yellow and brown, are sometimes included.
The use of blue glaze on pottery is an imported technique, first developed by artisans who combined Chinese glazing technology with Persian decorative arts. This technique traveled east to India with early Turkic conquests in the 14th century. During its infancy, it was used to make tiles to decorate mosques, tombs and palaces in Central Asia. Later, following their conquests and arrival in India, the Mughals began using them in India. Gradually the blue glaze technique grew beyond an architectural accessory to Indian potters. From there, the technique traveled to the plains of Delhi and in the 17th century went to Jaipur.
Other accounts of the craft state that blue pottery came to Jaipur in the early 19th century under the ruler Sawai Ram Singh II. The Jaipur king had sent local artisans to Delhi to be trained in the craft. However, by the 1950s, blue pottery had all but vanished from Jaipur, when it was re-introduced through the efforts of the muralist and painter Kripal Singh Shekhawat, with the support of patrons such as Kamladevi Chattopadhaya and Rajmata Gayatri Devi.
Q.99Which of the following statements is NOT true?
1. Rajmata Gayatri Devi patronised the craft of blue pottery.
2. Blue pottery is fired at low temperature for strength.
3. The green colour used in blue pottery is obtained from copper oxide.
4. The blue glaze technique was used to embellish mosques and tombs.
..
Read the given passage and answer the questions that follow.

Blue Pottery is widely recognised as a traditional craft of Jaipur, though it is Turko-Persian in origin. The name 'blue pottery' comes from the eye-catching cobalt blue dye used to colour the pottery. It is relatively unusual as a type of luxury Indian pottery as most Indian types are functional and though often highly decorated, relatively low prestige wares.
Jaipur blue pottery, is glazed and low-fired. No clay is used: the 'dough' for the pottery is prepared by mixing quartz stone powder, powdered glass, fuller’s earth, borax, gum and water.
Some of this pottery is semi-transparent and mostly decorated with bird and animal motifs. Being fired at very low temperature makes them fragile. The range of items is primarily decorative, such as vases, coasters, small bowls, boxes for trinkets. The colour palette is restricted to blue derived from the cobalt oxide, green from the copper oxide and white, though other non-conventional colours, such as yellow and brown, are sometimes included.
The use of blue glaze on pottery is an imported technique, first developed by artisans who combined Chinese glazing technology with Persian decorative arts. This technique traveled east to India with early Turkic conquests in the 14th century. During its infancy, it was used to make tiles to decorate mosques, tombs and palaces in Central Asia. Later, following their conquests and arrival in India, the Mughals began using them in India. Gradually the blue glaze technique grew beyond an architectural accessory to Indian potters. From there, the technique traveled to the plains of Delhi and in the 17th century went to Jaipur.
Other accounts of the craft state that blue pottery came to Jaipur in the early 19th century under the ruler Sawai Ram Singh II. The Jaipur king had sent local artisans to Delhi to be trained in the craft. However, by the 1950s, blue pottery had all but vanished from Jaipur, when it was re-introduced through the efforts of the muralist and painter Kripal Singh Shekhawat, with the support of patrons such as Kamladevi Chattopadhaya and Rajmata Gayatri Devi.
Q.100The technology of glazing was adopted from the:
1. Mughals
2. Chinese
3. Persians
4. Turks
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